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Varieties of lemon trees

14.04.14

The lemon tree, belongs to the group of citrus, having its origin about 20 million years ago in Southeast Asia. Technically belongs to the family ‘rutaceae’ gender ‘citrus’ and species ‘lemon citrus’. Your tree has an open porte trend and its branches has very short and strong spines.

Its lanceolate leaves have the property of releasing a soft touch perfume. As flowers are solitary or in small clusters, they bloom more or less continuously, since it is the most tropical citrus with grapefruit.

Its fruit, technically a hesperidium, more or less thick crust that keeps inside the segments and with it the juice, appropriate to flavor food or to make ice cream for example.

From the bark of the trunk and fruit by distillation and other techniques greatly appreciated extracted aromatic essences in perfumery and drinks.

Main varieties:

  • Verna

It is a Spanish variety of unknown origin. The tree has good vigor and few thorns. The fruits are a good size and have a more or less pronounced in the stem region and a large apical neck nipple.

The crust is somewhat rough and coarse and pulp has good juice content and very few seeds. It reflorescente and has essentially two blooms.

The fruits of ‘harvest’, coming from the spring bloom are collected stepwise between February and July. In August-September flowering is another whose fruits are called ‘rodrejos’ or ‘verdelli’ and are more rounded and smoother and thinner than those of ‘harvest’ bark, harvesting is carried out in the summer of next year.

It is a variety whose fruits remain on the tree well. Is productive, although it has some problems that arise in certain fruiting alternating production. Your reflorescencia allows for harvest in summer, when the supply of lemons is very limited.

  • Fine or Primofiori

Also known by the names of mesero, white and primofiori. It is a Spanish variety, probably comes from a seed germination common lemon from Segura River.

The tree is vigorous and prone to producing shoots with thorns.

The fruit is slightly smaller than the Verna with smoother, thin crust, no neck at the stalk region and the apical nipple is sharp and small. The pulp has a high juice yield high acidity and average number of seeds.
It is a very productive and reflorescente little variety. Harvesting the fruits of ‘harvest’ begins in early October and ends in February. The earliest fruits usually achieve good market prices due to the lack of supply that takes place on those dates.

  • Eureka

It is a variety developed in California in 1858. Probably comes from the germination of a seed lunario lemon.

The tree is vigorous with few thorns.

The fruits are a good size and generally have a small neck in the apical region and a peduncularr nipple which is often surrounded by an areolar furrow. The pulp has an excellent juice content of high acidity and few seeds.

It is productive. In our environmental conditions the bulk of harvest takes place from October to February, but produces several types of fruits throughout the year, depending on your reflorescencia much of the weather and t, cultural techniques used.

  • Lisbon

Believed to be of Portuguese origin. Probably comes from a plant seed ‘Galician lemon’.

The tree is very vigorous and has lots of thorns.

The fruits are a good size and generally have a slight neck and stalk region with irregular apical nipple areolar furrow. The pulp has a high juice yield with high acidity and a medium number of seeds.

It is very productive and little reflorescente. The harvest starts in early October and ends in February. It is one of the most vigorous and resistant to inclement weather varieties.

Source: ivia.es

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